The Cotton which is well suited for the production of requird
count of yarn, i.e. 30 tex for bunting cloth and 38 tex for
duck cloth, will be procured from the market and used for yarn
manufacture. This raw-cotton will be converted into a yarn of
required count by processing it through various complicated
machineries viz. openers, cleaners, card, draw frame, comber,
roving frame and charaka.
Two different types of clothes are being woven on handlooms
one is Bunting cloth, which is required for making 3 panels
of National Flags and the other Duck cloth, which is required
for sleeve attachment.
Yarn of 30 tex count will be used as warp and weft for weaving
bunting cloth and that of 38 tex count will be used as warp
and weft for weaving duck cloth.
Every care will be taken while weaving, to see that, the required
number of ends per inch, picks per inch and weight are in par
with the BIS norms.
The bunting meant for manufacturing
the top and bottom panels shall be bleached and dyed in India
Saffron and India Green colours respectively, and that meant
for the middle band shall be bleached. The dyed pieces shall
be free from dyeing defects, such as uneven dyeing and streakiness.
While dyeing, utmost care will be taken to see that, the dyes
selected must give the required shade, good fastness to light
and washing, correct PH value and dimensional changes, as per
The bunting cloth which is free from any defects and will be
taken for cutting. As per the specific dimensions of the Flag,
cutting will be done.
After cutting, the bleached samples are taken for chakra printing.
The Ashoka Chakra of specific size will be screen printed with
Navy blue colour on specific sized bleached fabric in such a
manner that, the chakra shall be completely visible on both
sides of the Flag in the center. Later it will be cured to make
the chakra fast.
Stitching of Flags will be done by machine stitching with lock
stitches. The sewing threads used for machine stitching shall
confirm the BIS norms and the colour of the thread being the
same as that of the panels on which it appears. The four corners
of the Flags will be reinforced with triangular pieces of bunting
of the same construction and colour as is used for making the
Finally, a sleeve will be provided along one side of the Flag.
A toggle will be attached to each Flag at the top by splicing
the hemp cordage around it before sewing the later in side the
sleeve The toggle is attached at the top of Saffron panel with
an intension to avoid hoisting of the flag in reverse manner.
Wood toggles are made from well seasoned timber of any of the
following species. Viz, Haldu, Padauk, Shisham, Sal or Teak.
At every stage of manufacture of National Flag. BIS norms will
be followed and the Flag is stamped with ISI mark.
The toggled Flag will be steam ironed and folded neatly.