Delhi Earthquake Situation Update | Delhi NCR Earthquake Tremors News | Intensity 3.1 on Richter scale, center was in Faridabad; Earth shook for the third time in two weeks
New Delhi12 hours ago
After the earthquake in Delhi-NCR, the chandelier hanging in a house started shaking.
Panic spread in Delhi-NCR due to earthquake at 4.08 pm on Sunday evening. Its intensity was 3.1. The epicenter of the earthquake was in Faridabad, Haryana. Because it was a holiday, people were in their homes, but as soon as the earthquake was felt, people ran out of their homes.
Earthquake tremors have been felt in Delhi for the third time in two weeks. Earlier on October 3, earthquakes had occurred at many places in North India including Delhi-NCR. There were tremors in Delhi-Haryana on October 2 also.
The intensity of the earthquake that occurred on Sunday was 3.1 on the Richter scale.
Two weeks ago, the earth shook twice in a day. On October 3, earthquake tremors were felt at 2.25 and 2.53 pm in Delhi-NCR, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and some parts of Madhya Pradesh. Its intensity on the Richter scale was 4.6. Its center was in Bajhang district of Nepal.
On the same day, four earthquakes occurred in Nepal in one hour. The first earthquake of magnitude 4.6 struck western Nepal at a depth of 10 kilometers at 2:25 pm, followed by a magnitude 6.2 quake at 2:51 pm, an official of the National Center for Seismology (NCS) said. Two more earthquakes of magnitude 3.6 and 3.1 occurred at 3:06 pm and 3:19 pm. Many kutcha houses had collapsed in Bajhang, Nepal due to the earthquake.
Earthquake tremors were felt in Uttar Pradesh’s Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Noida, Meerut, Moradabad, Ghaziabad, Ayodhya, Aligarh, Hapur, Amroha, Madhya Pradesh’s Gwalior, Rajasthan’s Jaipur, Alwar.
The epicenter of the earthquake that occurred on October 3 was in Nepal.
Now know why earthquake occurs?
Our earth’s surface is mainly made up of 7 big and many small tectonic plates. These plates keep floating continuously and sometimes collide with each other. Many times, due to collision, the corners of the plates bend and when there is too much pressure, these plates start breaking. In such a situation, the energy released from below finds a way out and after this disturbance an earthquake occurs.
467 years ago, 8.30 lakh people died in the earthquake that occurred in China.
The most dangerous earthquake ever in terms of intensity occurred in Chile on May 22, 1960. Its intensity was 9.5 on the Richter scale. The tsunami caused by this caused terrible devastation in many countries including Southern Chile, Hawaiian Islands, Japan, Philippines, Eastern New Zealand, South-East Australia. 1655 people died in this, while 3000 people were injured. The most deadly earthquake occurred in China in 1556, in which 8.30 lakh people died.
Now we know where the land slipped due to the earthquake
How did Turkey slip 10 feet?
Earlier this year there was a devastating earthquake in Turkey. Thousands of people lost their lives in this. This earthquake of 7.8 magnitude had shifted the land of Turkey by 10 feet i.e. about 3 meters. This claim was made by Italian seismologist Dr. Carlo Dogliani. The world is situated on large tectonic plates. Beneath these plates is fluid lava. These plates keep floating continuously and sometimes collide with each other.
Most of Turkey lies on the Anatolian tectonic plate. This plate is stuck between the Euroasian, African and Arabian plates. When the African and Arabian plates shift, Turkey gets stuck like a sandwich. Due to this, energy is released from inside the earth and earthquakes occur. The earthquake that hit Turkey on Monday occurred on the North Anatolian Fault Line.
Earth slipped due to earthquake in Japan in 2011
On March 11, 2011, Japan was hit by the most powerful earthquake ever, a magnitude 9.1 earthquake. This powerful earthquake not only took the lives of people, but also shifted the earth’s axis by 4 to 10 inches. Besides, the daily rotation speed of the Earth also increased.
At that time, USGS seismologist Paul Earle had said that this earthquake had shifted Japan’s largest island Honshu about 8 feet east from its place. During this period, there were more than 160 earthquakes in the first 24 hours. Of these, 141 had intensity 5 or more. This earthquake and tsunami in Japan had killed more than 15 thousand people.
Japan is in the most earthquake sensitive area. It falls in the Pacific Ring of Fire region. The Ring of Fire is an area where there are many continental as well as oceanic tectonic plates. When these plates collide with each other, earthquakes occur, tsunamis occur and volcanoes erupt.
The effect of this Ring of Fire can be seen from New Zealand to Japan, Alaska and North and South America. 90% of the world’s earthquakes occur in this Ring of Fire region. This area is spread over 40 thousand kilometers. Of all the active volcanoes in the world, 75% are in this region. 15 countries are under this Ring of Fire.
On March 11, 2011, 20 minutes after the earthquake in Japan, tsunami waves hit Hokkaido in the north and Okinawa island in the south and caused huge devastation there.
India is also moving towards Europe
In the year 2022, geologists of Australia had prepared a new map of all the tectonic plates present on Earth. It was told that the microplate between the Indian Plate and the Australian Plate has been included in the map. It was also said that India is moving towards Europe.
Due to this, it is feared that in the coming days, the collision of these two plates may cause a severe earthquake in the northern parts including the Himalayas. Dr. Derrick Hastrock, lecturer in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Adelaide, Australia, and his colleagues have prepared this map together.
Dr. Derrick has said that our map tells the complete story of 90 percent of the earthquakes and 80% of the volcanic eruptions that have occurred on Earth in the last 2 million years. At the same time, the current model gives information about only 65% of earthquakes. With the help of this map people can calculate natural disasters.
Andaman’s Indira Point was submerged due to the 2004 earthquake and tsunami.
On 26 December 2004, Indira Point of Andaman and Nicobar Islands was submerged due to the earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Indonesia. This island is located at a distance of 138 km from Sumatra.
There is only one light house here which was inaugurated on 30 April 1972. It is located in the extreme south of India and is also called the last point of India.
It is named after former Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi. The lighthouse at Indira Point serves to provide light to ships traveling through India to Malaysia and Malacca.
An island was formed in Bhuj due to an earthquake 204 years ago.
In India, 204 years ago i.e. in the year 1819, an island was formed due to an earthquake in Bhuj, Gujarat. It is known as Allah Bandh. According to scientists, this is possible if there is an earthquake of more than 7.8 intensity on the Richter scale.
The reason for this can be attributed to the cracks between the plates inside the ground. Experts say that these plates move continuously. Sometimes there is a rift between them.
In such a situation, if an earthquake of greater than 7.5 intensity and greater depth occurs under the sea, then these plates slide over each other several times. If the plates reach a height of even 6-7 meters then it becomes an island-like situation.
Due to the 2015 Nepal earthquake, Kathmandu also shifted by 10 feet.
In 2015, an earthquake of 7.8 magnitude caused huge devastation in Nepal. During this period, about 9 thousand people were killed.
Nepal’s devastating earthquake in April 2015 not only claimed hundreds of lives, but also disrupted the geography of the Himalayan country.
Tectonic expert James Jackson of the University of Cambridge said that after the earthquake, the ground beneath Kathmandu shifted three meters i.e. about 10 feet towards the south.
However, there is no sign of any change in the geography of Everest, the world’s largest mountain peak. This earthquake in Nepal was as powerful as 20 big nuclear bombs.
A part of India slipped into Nepal by 10 feet
Adelaide University scientist Sandy Stacey had claimed that due to the pressure caused by the Himalayas, the Indian tectonic plates moving towards the north, called the Eurasian Plate, have moved 10 degrees towards the northeast. Due to this, a part of India has slipped below Nepal by about one to ten feet in a short time during the earthquake. In this entire geographical process, about one to two thousand square miles area of the Himalayas has shifted.
According to Colin Stark, Associate Research Professor at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, America, the upper rocks of the earth’s surface (which are limestone rocks) in Bihar, bordering Nepal, will move towards the north in a few seconds and reach Nepal. Got down.
This friction in the Indian plate has affected the Janakpur zone of Nepal from Bharatpur to Hitauda. The Indian land adjacent to this area (East-West Champaran) has gone under the surface of Nepal.
It has become clear that the entire Indian subcontinent is slowly sinking beneath the fault of Nepal and Tibet. The rate of subsidence of the surface of Nepal and Tibet of the Indian subcontinent is 1.8 inches every year.
In 2013, a 300 feet long island was formed in the sea of Gwadar due to earthquake.
On September 25, 2013, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck Balochistan, Pakistan, creating an island in the sea in the coastal city of Gwadar.
This egg-shaped island was 250 to 300 feet long and about 60-70 feet above the surface of the water.
Its surface is rough and most of the area was covered with mud. There was also sand in some areas. There was also solid rock in one area.
This post originally appeared on www.bhaskar.com